Séminaire du CICP sur les enjeux du changement climatique en Asie du Sud-Est (03/07/2015)
Séminaire du Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace consacré aux enjeux liés au changement climatique en Asie du Sud-Est
HRH Prince Sirivudh, Chairman of the board of the Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace,
HE Say Sam Al, Minister for the environment,
Dr Wilhem Hofmeister, Director, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung,Regional Program, Political dialogue with Asia,
HE Ambassador Pou Sothirak, Executive Director of the Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace,
Dear colleagues from the diplomatic corps,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I wish at the outset to congratulate the CICP for taking the welcome initiative to host this regional conference on the impact and implications of climate change with the support of the Konrad-Adenauer Stiftung. I also thank the CICP for inviting me to say a few words on the coming COP21 conference that France will host from 30 November to 11 December, in just 150 days.
On 17th June, with our European partners, we celebrated all around the world “Climate Diplomacy Day”. On that occasion, ambassadors of European countries in Paris biked towards the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs to show Minister and upcoming President of the COP21 Laurent Fabius their support in preparing the COP21.
Indeed, we need everyone’s support if we want to achieve our goal, which is both simple and ambitious : we want to build together in Paris an agreement that enables us to limit the rise of the planet’s average temperature to less than 2ºC above pre-industrial levels and adapt our economies and societies to deal with the existing climate disruption.
In our capacity as future presidency, we are working with all countries, transparently, to support the negotiating process towards an agreement that everyone will be able to own. We are listening equally to all parties, in order to understand the concerns, the national situations and the expectations for each and every one of them, particularly the most vulnerable. This is what our Minister for development, Mrs Annick Girardin, did when she visited Cambodia six weeks ago.
Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,
Our goal is to achieve, in December, a Paris Alliance for Climate relying on four components :
o The first, and most important one, is a universal and legally binding agreement. This agreement will have to concern equally mitigation and adaptation. The agreement will also have to take into account everyone’s responsibilities and capabilities.
o The second component will be the national contributions (INDCs) that each country must publish before the Paris Conference. These contributions must present commitments on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, and for those willing to do so, include adaptation plans. Nearly 40 countries have already presented them, including the European Union. We were encouraged by the recent publication of the national contribution of Ethiopia, the first from an LDC. We have also welcomed China’s national contribution which was made public by the Chinese Prime Minister, during his official visit in France, on 30th June. We are now expecting Cambodia’s national contribution which is being prepared with the assistance, among others, of UK experts.
o The third component is about finance : to make a global transition possible, we must create confidence that the commitment made in Copenhagen in 2009 to mobilize $100 billion a year by 2020 for developing countries will indeed be honoured. Some of it will go through the Green Climate Fund, to which France has already contributed for an amount of $1 billion.
o Finally, the fourth aspect of the Paris Alliance aims at involving civil society and non-state actors to commit and strengthen the engagement of governments. We have been supporting all kinds of initiatives, including here in Cambodia, to that end.
Excellencies, Ladies and gentlemen,
In all four areas, progress is being made : national contributions are being published ; financial actors are getting increasingly active ; the negotiation is gaining momentum. Pope Francis’s recent encyclical on climate change came as a strong voice in favour of global action against climate disruption.
As reminded by President Hollande at the G7 summit in Germany – where developed countries adopted an ambitious position in view of COP21, France is facing up to the responsibility of its future presidency with a determination to succeed and a commitment at the highest level.
With just five months to go until the conference, we believe that we are on the right track, but time is short and the pace of the negotiations must be stepped up. Every meeting must represent a step forward, and everyone must agree to make the necessary choices in a spirit of mutual trust, so that, by October, all the issues will already have been discussed and solutions proposed. In short, the Paris agreement must be built before Paris. This was the core message of my Foreign Minister, Laurent Fabius, at the United Nations General Assembly High Level Event, which took place in New York, on 29th June.
This is why we envisage consulting heads of state and government, so that they can give clear political direction. With this in mind, we are considering a meeting in New York in September, during the United Nations General Assembly, chaired by the French President and the United Nations Secretary-General. Furthermore, we are envisaging that heads of state and government who wish to attend the opening of COP21 may do so.
In conclusion and to put things in perspective, let us keep in mind that 2015 is a year where the international community will focus both on climate change, with the COP21, and development with the conference on financing the post-2015 Development Agenda which will meet in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in a few days. These two battles can only be won if fought together : to tackle poverty and foster development, we must win the battle against climate change.
I thank you for your attention and I wish a very productive seminar.